Display until March 24, 2015
The Neatest Little Paper Ever Read ®
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of England gave the lands to his brother, the Duke of York, who renamed the city. (The Duke would later become King James II.) In 1789, when the population was 28,000, New York City became the first nation’s capital. George Washington took his oath of office on the balcony of the City Hall, but its capital status would endure just until 1790, when Philadelphia took over the status.
• New York City is the most linguistically diverse city in the world, and about half of the population speaks a language other than English in the home.
• Cairo, Egypt, the ninth most populous city, grew up around the ancient Egyptian capital of Memphis, which is now contained within the modern city. The Giza Pyramid complex, which includes the three Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx, is nearby. Modern Cairo was founded in the year 969, and is home to the world’s second-oldest university, Al-Azhar University, established in 970.
• The world’s fifth largest city has more than 21 million people. Sao Paulo, Brazil, is the largest city in South America, and the largest Portuguese-speaking city in the world. Jesuit priests founded the village as a mission on top of a plateau between two rivers in 1554, and named it after the Apostle Paul. The first church building was a hut covered with palm leaves. The village remained in extreme poverty until gold was discovered in the early 1700s. Today’s Sao Paulo has absolutely no billboards, due to their Clean City law passed in 2006 which bans any “visual pollution.”
• Mexico City, at number seven in world population, was settled in 1325 by the Aztecs, who called the village Tenochititlan. In 1585, it became officially known as Ciudad de Mexico, or Mexico City. It’s the oldest capital and the largest city in the Americas. In 1900, the city’s population was just 500,000. In less than 120 years, it has grown to more than 21 million people. More than 4 million passengers ride the city’s Metro every day. Mexico City is a sinking city, sinking about 4 inches every year, and perhaps as much as 32.8 feet in the last 60 years.
• Delhi, India is the world’s second-largest urban area with close to 26.5 million people, and has been inhabited since at least 600 B.C. It’s estimated that 18 billionaires and 23,000 millionaires live in this city. Four years ago, the city was the most polluted city in the world, but improved in 2016 to the sixth-worst, with the deaths of 10,500 people every year attributed to air pollution. Of the world’s ten most polluted cities, nine are in India.
• Tokyo, Japan is the world’s largest city, with 38.1 million people. It was first settled as a small fishing village named Edo. Around the year 1500, there were just a few thousand people, but by the early 1700s, Edo had its first one million residents. In 1868, when the Japanese imperial family moved there, it became the capital city, and was renamed Tokyo, which translates to “Eastern Capital.” Tokyo’s Shinjuku Station is the largest railway station in the world, with an average of 3.75 million passengers passing through every day. Tokyo can be an expensive place to visit. It has more top-rated restaurants than any other city in the world, and the mega-suite at the Ritz Carlton will set you back $20,000 per night. The city was the first to have a Disney park outside the U.S., a resort that employs 20,000 people. Even with its enormous population, Tokyo is a very safe city, with one of the lowest crime rates per capita of any major city.
• Although Chicago has nearly 8.8 million people, it’s not classified as a mega-city. It ranks as the 38th largest city in the world.
• Canada doesn’t have a single mega-city. Its largest city, Toronto, ranks 57th in the world, with close to 6 million inhabitants, the only Canadian city in the Top 150. Miami is right behind Toronto at #58 , with 5.8 million, and Dallas is at #61 with 5.7 million.